This report is authored by Dr. Samir Sinha, Allan McKee, Ivy Wong, Julie Dunning, Michael Nicin, and Dr. John Muscedere. It shows that frailty is a common condition more prevalent in older populations, which increases an individual’s risk of falls, emergency department visits, hospitalization, institutionalization, and death. The problem, the authors argue, is that frailty is not being measured consistently in Canada, which makes it difficult for health providers and governments to address.
The report urges the research and health care communities to come to consensus on a common definition of frailty, and argues that clinicians need to consider social factors, such as poverty, housing and loneliness, which can contribute to how well individuals cope with frailty. 56 pages. Last reviewed September, 2018.
Foodborne and Waterborne Illness Among Canadian Indigenous Populations: A Scoping Review
This report investigates the health of First Nations and Labrador Inuit elders living in their home communities and the impact that residential schools have had on their social determinants of health. 28 pages. Last reviewed November 2018.
Implications of Risk Factors for Alzheimer's Disease Canada's Indigenous Population
The objective of this study was to examine and compare the population attributable risk for Alzheimer's disease associated with six modifiable risk factors among Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples and among on- and off-reserve Indigenous peoples in Canada.7 pages. Last reviewed November 2018.
Comparing the Lived Experiences of Urban Aboriginal Peoples with Canadian Rights to Quality of Life
This study established baseline information about quality of life for urban Aboriginal peoples using the mixed methods approach of Community-University Institute for Social Research. 40 pages. Last reviewed November, 2018.
Research on Indigenous Elders: From Positivistic to Decolonizing Methodologies
This article investigates various research methods with indigenous elders. The authors discuss the experience of disparities from isolation, discrimination, acculturation and / or lack of power. 10 pages. Last reviewed November 2018.
Completing the Circle: Elders Speak About End-of-Life Care With Aboriginal Families in Canada
This articles includes the words spoken by Aboriginal elders from Saskatchewan, Canada in response to the question, "What would you like non-Aboriginal health care providers to know when providing end-of-life care for Aboriginal families?" 9 pages. Last reviewed November, 2018.
Residential Schools and the Effects on Indigenous Health and Well-Being in Canada - A Scoping Review
The authors conducted a scoping review of empirical peer-reviewed literature investigating the extent and range of research on residential school attendance on specific health outcomes and the populations affected. 23 pages. Last reviewed November 2018.
The primary objective of the study described in this article was to apply a frailty index that was validated in the general Canadian older population to describe aging experiences in First Nations populations living on-reserve and in northern communities. The results shared are a key step in documenting the experience of older First Nations people at a national level from a First Nations perspective. 12 pages. Last reviewed November, 2018.
Income and First Nations Elderly: Policies for a Better Future